Supervision of the Government and the President of the Republic
The duty of the Chancellor of Justice is to supervise the legality of the official actions of the Government, the Ministries and the President of the Republic. The Chancellor of Justice attends all the plenary sessions of the Government as well as presidential sessions at which the President of the Republic makes decisions on proposals presented by the Government.
In practice, the supervision of legality is implemented by reviewing the presentation agendas that are submitted in advance to the Chancellor of Justice. The agenda documents are reviewed on a weekly basis by the Office of the Chancellor of Justice. The process involves reviewing the proposed decisions intended for discussion at the plenary session of the Government and subsequent presidential session. The review process concerns consideration of issues of legality, not the appropriateness of decisions or resolutions nor any other political assessment.
The plenary sessions of the Government focus on, among other issues, government bills and budget proposals, notifications and reports that are presented to the Parliament, government decrees and significant appointments. The President of the Republic ratifies, for example, the laws approved by the Parliament. The President of the Republic generally makes decisions based on the proposals made by the Government.
The issuing of statements
Upon request, the Chancellor of Justice must furnish the President, Government and Ministries with information and statements on legal issues. The statements are generally issued in writing, but in some cases, they are also presented as oral statements.
In addition to the statements referred to in the Constitution, the Chancellor of Justice may be asked to issue statements on different statute drafting projects. The Chancellor of Justice will exercise his discretion when issuing these types of statements. The Chancellor of Justice has endeavoured to issue statements on statute drafting projects that are particularly crucial in terms of the supervision of legality.